Sermon 01/29/2023 – Wisdom’s Warring Madness

1 Corinthians 1:18-31

For the message about the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. For it is written,

“I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the discernment of the discerning I will thwart.”

Where is the one who is wise? Where is the scholar? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world? For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, God decided, through the foolishness of the proclamation, to save those who believe. For Jews ask for signs and Greeks desire wisdom, but we proclaim Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to gentiles, but to those who are the called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. For God’s foolishness is wiser than human wisdom, and God’s weakness is stronger than human strength.

Consider your own call, brothers and sisters: not many of you were wise by human standards, not many were powerful, not many were of noble birth. But God chose what is foolish in the world to shame the wise; God chose what is weak in the world to shame the strong; God chose what is low and despised in the world, things that are not, to abolish things that are, so that no one might boast in the presence of God. In contrast, God is why you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification and redemption, in order that, as it is written, “Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord.”

Sermon Text

            I have always had people look at me strangely when I tell them what I majored in in college. They hear that I had a religious studies major, and that I focused mostly on historical theology, and that all tracks for them. However, the minute that I bring up that my primary work for most of college was actually in Chemistry, heads tend to go to one side. People do not expect ministers to be scientists, or as the case may sometimes be, scientists to be ministers. Yet, as many people in the sciences are religious as people outside of them, so why wouldn’t some of them take the step into ministry?

I believe some of the issue is that we have created, in the past three hundred years broadly, but really in the last hundred years locally, a separation between science and religion, faith and reason, that is completely artificial. We in America especially, envisioning the Scopes monkey trial and the entire career of Ken Ham, imagine that there are two kinds of people – scientists who abhor God and faithful people who abhor science. This “Great Divorce,” between the two worlds has led to a central problem – wherever there is not communication, there is misunderstanding. That misunderstanding can cause a lot of trouble, it can even kill.

I can only really speak to Christianity on how these two interact but let us look at some facts. Mental health issues affect 20% of Americans, but because we have put a separation between mental health sciences and the Church, only recently are people in churches comfortable engaging with getting help.[1] Not specific to Christianity, but certainly present within the Church is a lack of understanding about medicine on a wider scale as well. Hesitancy to vaccination has expanded in recent years. This has led to a resurgence of Measles, Mumps, and other childhood diseases we had nearly eradicated.[2] More than that, the perception of a war between Science and Faith has led to an inability for faithful people to engage with those scientific issues that become mainstream.

This issue is not just an issue of the Church either. While many scientists of faith, and even secularists like Carl Sagan, worked for years to educate the world and to bring down the hifalutin jargon of science from its ivory tower, there are few people willing to do the same work today. As a child of the nineties, I hate to admit that I find Bill Nye obnoxious today – less of an educator and more of a media figure. Neil DeGrasse Tyson, brilliant though he is, exists in the public consciousness only to shame people and media for not being 100% accurate 100% of the time.Gone is the humility and skill of someone like Sagan, who first awakened my love of science with a rerun of Cosmos in my childhood, now is only personality and outrage media.

Yet, there are figures who continue to bridge the gap. Science was truly an exercise of faith for many people throughout history. Algebra, Optics, and Chemistry as we know them today were begun by Muslim scientists during the Islamic golden age. Modern genetics was begun by a monk named Gregor Mendel. The Big Bang was rejected at first as a  theory of cosmic origin, because a Catholic built the model, Even the current Pope, before he was a priest, was a chemist. The two worlds of science and religion, faith and reason, are always seeking after one another, always trying to reconcile, but there are always obstacles to that reconciliation.

On one hand, it is impossible to inject faith into scientific hypotheses and still call them scientific. Science is, first and foremost, falsifiable. You cannot disprove that God might have done something in a situation, and so you cannot include God in a hypothesis you are creating. Some people of faith have issues with scientific theory as a result of this, but like the book of Esther where God is never mentioned once, I think the discovery of all causes physical does not mean that we cannot use the material to learn about the immaterial.

On the other hand, faith often struggles against the cold rationalism of science. As I said above, you cannot include God in scientific theory to avoid biases, and that makes some people uncomfortable. More than that, science can sometimes expand our conceptions about God, and that makes us uncomfortable. Take for example the realization that the universe is fourteen billion years old, and the earth is four billion years old. For some Christians, this has to be rejected, as the church has always held the earth is a few centuries over six thousand years old. For others, this is a chance to rethink what we know about God, to marvel in a deity that took billions of years to craft a cosmos fit for our small little lives, and to hold that cherished thing in his hands.

Frequently cited in this conflict is the verse that we read today. “God has made foolish the wisdom of this world,” is applied to all pursuits of knowledge that seem to conflict with our faith. If something is new and challenging, it is weighed against the world as we know it and rejected. Faith, this interpretation demands, means that no matter how major or material an observation is, it cannot stand if it challenges orthodoxy. God’s wisdom, the wisdom of the Cross, overcomes any earthly observation or truth. Why else would Paul elsewhere reject, “philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental principles of the world, and not according to Christ.”[3]

Context is, as always, how we can uncover what Paul means by this. In Colossians, the source of that latest quotation, Paul is addressing a group in the Church promising secret knowledge and a next level faith. “Yes, you’ve heard about Jesus, but have you considered purchasing the Jesus+ plan.” Paul is therefore warning Christians from the fact that other Christians might deceive them by sounding very knowledgeable about spiritual things, but who are really only after more power. In our Corinthians text, the context of wisdom and foolishness is specific to one thing only, the one place I will always insist faith must overcome reason. That issue is the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

There is nothing logical or rational to it, it attacks and destroys any neat theology or philosophy we might form around it. Try to explain why God, the infinite God of the universe, chose this one specific way to reconcile us to that same divinity. A thousand answers probably swarm into our head, answers we have been told in seminary and in Sunday school all our life. Paul attempts to explain it time and time again, but Paul bases all his explanation on the reality that it happened, and the faith that it was sufficient and necessary, and only secondarily makes any attempt to fully understand and wrestle with those two things. The cross is a place where infinite questions emerge.

God died. God suffered. God, who could have found another way, or else would be lacking in the divine freedom that defines God’s power in creation, chose this one as the one and only way. Why? How? In what way really? Paul cites two potential opponents to this idea – his fellow Jews who would be thinking of the scripture, “Cursed is he who hangs on a tree,” and so would deny a criminal’s death as holy.[4] On the other side are the Greeks who want a coherent philosophy behind this faith. To both of them he says, “I am a fool! I have nothing for either of you except that this is true, that this is real, that I have seen it as real and cannot argue anything else.” Later on, he doubles down on this, saying that he may be a fool for believing in the cross, but if his faith in the resurrection is misplaced, then he really should be pitied.[5]

The fact is, that outside of this one core conceit, there is nothing to battle between faith and reason. We have different things we address in daily life. I cannot, in talking about the keto-tautomerization of compounds, draw a circle around a mechanism I do not know and say, “God did that part.” However, neither does the knowledge that the intricate systems of our world have material foundations and explanations prevent me from marveling that the God I believe in had a part in it. There is antagonism from secularists against people of faith, to be sure, and antagonism from people of faith toward the sciences. However, that antagonism is not inherent to our ways of being. The Jewish sage, Maimonides, argued that to really understand God’s work in the world, we all ought to know the sciences, and I like that way of thinking.[6]

There is a symphony present around us, the thrumming of electrons not just in the lights above us, but in every cell of our body. Every molecule is a sea of energy, swimming around a densely packed collection of protons and neutrons that associate with each other out of energetic convenience. Machines forged by eons of fine tuning are at work every moment, making new bones and tissues, cleaning out the old and disused. The air we breathe swirls in turbid spiral that only Van Gogh dreamt of before science imaged them. God ordained a heavens that is precise as a clock, and interrupts it only to shower mercy and love upon it.

We ought to be Holy Fools, to proclaim a crucifixion and a resurrection that has no explanation except that God loves us and God alone was enough to set things right. Yet, we are not to be fools in understanding the world itself. We should take time to learn the sciences, to learn history, to appreciate art, to engage with all the wisdom of the ages. Why? Because there is one truth in this universe, the truth God has given, and whatever ways we can get it, we ought to. The more we know of the universe, the more we can see God’s hand in it. Let us commit ourselves then to understanding this beautiful cosmos we inhabit and cease the warring madness which have so long prevented us from learning from one another. – Amen.


[1] Matthew S. Stanford (2007) Demon or disorder: A survey of attitudes toward mental illness in the Christian church, Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 10:5, 445-449, DOI: 10.1080/13674670600903049

[2] Patel M, Lee AD, Redd SB, et al. Increase in Measles Cases — United States, January 1–April 26, 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:402–404. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6817e1external icon.

[3] Colossians 2:8

[4] Deuteronomy 21:23 c.f. Galatians 3:13

[5] 1 Corinthians 15:19

[6] Shafer, Sara Teresa. 2012. “The Wisdom of this World: Maimonides and Paul at the Interface of Science and Faith.” The International Journal of Science in Society 3 (3): 95-106. doi:10.18848/1836-6236/CGP/v03i03/51335.

Sermon 01/22/2023 – Call and Response

Matthew 4:12-23

Now when Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew to Galilee. He left Nazareth and made his home in Capernaum by the sea, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, so that what had been spoken through the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled:

“Land of Zebulun, land of Naphtali, on the road by the sea, across the Jordan, Galilee of the gentiles— the people who sat in darkness have seen a great light, and for those who sat in the region and shadow of death light has dawned.”

From that time Jesus began to proclaim, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”

As he walked by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea—for they were fishers. And he said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of people.” Immediately they left their nets and followed him. As he went from there, he saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John, in the boat with their father Zebedee, mending their nets, and he called them. Immediately they left the boat and their father and followed him.

Jesus went throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom and curing every disease and every sickness among the people.

Sermon Text

I want you to picture yourself on a Galilean shore long ago. Two fishermen are casting nets, a man walks up to them. You recognize him from a distance, Mary and Joseph’s boy, the first one, the one all the rumors were about. Jesus greets the two, says something to them, they seem shocked for a moment, and then they throw down their nets and follow him. Weird, but hey it’s the sixteenth year of Tiberius’s reign, weird stuff happens everyday. Then that man, Jesus I think his name was, walks a little further and calls out to two men, but his words are lost on the wind. You walk over to one of the men left on the shore and ask what he said. The words that changed their lives, that made them leave, “I will make you fishers of people.”

Even if we were looking in John’s Gospel, which gives a bit more provocative promise from Jesus, “I teach you how to snatch people!” we do not see something that would entice people to join a movement. If I were watching people on a seashore go with a guy who had such a simple call to action, I’d be confused. Maybe I’d go home and tell the strange story of what I saw that day, maybe I’d follow the group and see what was going on. For me as someone on the sideline, those few words would probably not carry much power. However, as we stand on the lakeside, we must understand that those words were for Peter and Andrew, James and John, they were not for us.

Everyone in this room had something that brought them into the Church. Some of us were born into it, raised from the moment we left our mothers arms to be a follower of Christ. For others we never knew the Church, except maybe occasional visits with a relative. We never knew Christ, until something happened where God came close to us, and we suddenly saw what our life was truly meant for. Whether born into the faith or welcomed into it later, there came a moment for every person in this room where the life we knew was transformed with a word given to us from God. A word likely spoken through another.

Faith for me came alive step-by-step. First by acknowledging that I truly believed in God. Secondly by seeing in my faith in Christ a need to change who I was into someone better than I had been. Finally, and across the longest span of time, the call I had to take on leadership in the Church. That final call is the message I remember best, because it was in a crowd at a youth camp. We were asked to stand if we were a leader among the people around us, and I felt a burning need to stand up. More than that, in the moment that everyone stood following that, I was struck by something undeniable. There was no distinction between anyone in that crowd. The ones God called to leadership disappeared, making me realize that the job of a leader is to lead others into their own mastery of mission. We are all leaders of something, all servants of something, all workers in a mutual work together.

For me, “You will be fishers of men,” would not be enough to awaken my soul. “You will support and equip others to thrive,” did. Jesus finds a way to grab a hold of us, a way to call us into what our purpose is, if we are willing to listen. For the fisherman on the lakeshore they were faithful members of their synagogue, they believed in the power of  God’s salvation, but they were not awake and alive in the faith until they heard Jesus call to them from the shore. Their hearts were ready, they just needed to be told that God was too. Jesus spoke to their hearts and what they knew God wanted of them. Even without all the details of what was about to happen, they were willing to leave their nets and go.

All of us here are at different places in our faith. Some farther along in maturity than others, some going in circles that trend upward and downward at different times. All of us here, however, have a call to something. Take a moment, close your eyes and chase away all the bits and bobs that might distract you. Do not think about lunch, do not think about this coming week, just for a moment, and ask what God has placed on your heart. What passions flare up? What desires are latent and ready to become a burning fire? All of us have something. When I do this, I feel the great desire to support people, to push them to be their utmost, and to live that ideal and joy-filled life that can come from living to our greatest potential.

Your desire may be to pray without ceasing. It might be to feed the hungry. It could be to tell the whole world what God has done for you. Whatever it is, there is a call that you have ready to come alive. Last week we talked about the importance of encouragement. Let me tell you that encouragement matters for more than just what people are currently doing. Encouragement can be the word we need to go forward and take the leap into what God is calling us to do. Sometimes people have no idea that God wants them to teach, until they are told they have a gift for it. I would never have gone into ministry if a teacher had not told me that the dream God had put in my heart was ministry work.

There are things that happen in our scripture today – a call is given and a call is accepted. Both are important. God may be using us to give the call someone needs to hear to start something new in their life. We should not think that our opinion is equivalent to God’s or that we can perfectly discern what people should do with their life, but we should be unafraid to trust when God has given us a message to light someone’s life up. Likewise, we who are told that someone sees God working something in us should accept that, pray on it, and discern if it is really where we are being called to. Sometimes the answer will be no, sometimes someone will see something that is not quite right for what God is asking of another person. Yet, only with consideration, discernment, and decisions, can they become anything more than a few spare words shared between people.

As I said earlier, the calls we get are not always just for what God is calling us to do. My first two big realizations in faith were just faith itself. That God was real and I could have faith in Christ. Both of those had their own messages that brought them to life, their own words that awoke something within me. The dire teaching of a Calvinist missiologist, the ancient words of scripture where God visits the elders of Israel. These awoke my faith and brought me into the Church I had only been an attendee in before. There was a transformative power in these words, and again they would not have happened if someone was not willing to share them with me, and I was not willing to accept them.

Paul had his big experience on the road to Damascus, knocked off a horse by a bright light, blind and disoriented – but it was the gentle words of Ananias that healed his blindness and welcomed him into his renewed faith. Simpler than this was the Ethiopian eunuch, reading the Septuagint in a carriage one day, who needed only to have someone tell him about Jesus to jump into the nearest puddle of water and ask to be baptized. Simpler still were the fishermen on a muddy lakeshore, smelling of fish and funk, who only needed to be told they could fish for something else to change their entire life.

Do not be afraid to speak what God has upon your heart – with discernment and prayer – but freely and proudly. God has given us our messages for a purpose and that purpose is the transformation of the world. Likewise, do not be afraid when someone brings a message to you. With prayer and discernment – we can sort what is human of them and what is divine – and from that conversation, that dialogue, we find a deeper truth together. That truth is the redemption of the world, the saving of souls, and the fulfillment of our true purpose in Christ. Listen, speak, act, and do not fear the calls that come into our lives. – Amen.

Sermon 01/15/2023 – Grace and Peace to You

1 Corinthians 1:1-9

Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes,

To the church of God that is in Corinth, to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, together with all those who in every place call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, both their Lord and ours:

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

I give thanks to my God always for you because of the grace of God that has been given you in Christ Jesus, for in every way you have been enriched in him, in speech and knowledge of every kind— just as the testimony of Christ has been strengthened among you— so that you are not lacking in any gift as you wait for the revealing of our Lord Jesus Christ. He will also strengthen you to the end, so that you may be blameless on the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. God is faithful, by whom you were called into the partnership of his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.

Sermon Text

There is something powerful in a kind word from someone you know. It does not matter if it is a friend, the barista at the coffee shop you are a regular of, or someone at work. When someone gives us encouragement, it warms something deep inside us. There is never a time a kind word sits fallow, because when we speak kindness into the world, it breathes life in a way no other kind of speech can. Think of the times you have had something to say to someone, simple or heartfelt, that just caused their eyes to light up, their posture to change, their voice to lift just so.

This is the power of encouragement, a gift from God that we pass on to those who are around us. There is a vulnerability in encouragement, it is as dangerous as any other kind of frank speech. There is a fragility to it, lest it be rejected somehow. There is something transcendently powerful about the simple act of saying what we mean, how we mean it, when it enters into our heart. The power of encouragement is stronger than we give it credit, and it is something severely lacking in this life.

Think of it, how often do you really get encouragement from people? Thanks for this or that, sure, but when does someone put a hand on your shoulder and go, “You did so good with this.” That’s a rarer thing. I know that among clergy, our encouragement is often pragmatic more often than it is personal. “That was a good service,” is good, but “You really have a skill for making people feel the Spirit in your prayer.” Is something else entirely. Both are encouragement, but “Good job,” and “here is what about you, personally, that sets you apart,” are quite different. Is the latter always necessary, no, but we all know how good it can feel.

Those who work outside of more person-to-person professions might have this manifest differently. There’s only so many ways to properly hook up electrical outlets, and the ability to do that creatively often leads to fire code violations. The important thing which that shows, however, is that encouragement is not just something we should give for what people do professionally. Encouragement is something we offer to people for anything that we think that the world should have.

Our scripture for today is written to a congregation, and so we cannot get the full details of what Paul encourages about them. He speaks fairly broadly, “You are not lacking in any gift.” This is not saying that every person has every possible gift, but that the congregation together has them. Thinking about this congregation I see many different gifts. Some of them being fully utilized and some of them not yet fully embraced and developed. There are gifts of service that transcend a desire to do and become a calling to, in every way possible, make sure that goodness is done wherever it is needed. There are gifts of organization that allow for miracles to happen out of mundane things. There is gift upon gift here in North View, but as important as something general like that is, there needs to be a constant flow of personal encouragement beneath it all.

I try my best to give encouragement where I can, but I am just one person and am not always at the top of my game. We should be looking at the people in our life and find reasons to lift them up. Especially those closest to us. That can be hard – see someone every day and the cracks in their virtues can shine pretty brightly. Yet, imagine how much we might grow if we had those near us lifting us up regularly. I think half of the virtues in my life are based on what Grace has built up in me since we got married. A lot of stuff came before that, how else would I have married someone so wonderful? Still, she has made what was good about me excellent.

We should be willing to encourage one another, even if we are not presently very good at it. Until we can practice, we never will be good at it. In a world that is so critical, in a culture that is based on criticism and not on promotion, it is necessary for us to flip the script and build one another up differently.

Now, some may hear this and say, “But not everything about the people I know is good! Am I just supposed to praise the good and ignore the bad?” Firstly, more often than you might think the answer is yes. There’s a lot of things that might irritate us that are not actually any great failure on the part of those around us. In the event something is a problem that needs addressed, that is not something alien to being an encouraging person. Paul writes this beautiful letter to some of his most problematic children. He opens with such beautiful praise, but then he quickly explains how the people who have been given every good gift of God are squandering it.

Part of this contrast is to do with how ancient letters were written. You were always expected to state the things you liked about someone before you explained the things you were angry about. However, I think that if we diminish Paul’s opening words to just a formality, we miss the point. Paul shows in Galatians that he is willing to skip his greeting if he thinks it is necessary. Paul includes these greetings out of courtesy, sure, but he is not only keeping to tradition. Paul wants people to know that God is with them, that the kingdom of God is being realized in them, and then and only then is he willing to tell them to get their act together.

I’m going to wrap up here for today. I think that the message here largely speaks for itself. We are people who should be living into God’s gifts. Those gifts require us to be encouraging of the gifts we see in one another. The only way we begin to encourage other people, is by practicing it. I encourage you all this week, beginning even here in this sanctuary today, to take time to encourage the people around you. Water the gift of life and grace planted in our hearts, and see what blooms as a result. Speak life into this world, children of God. – Amen.

Sermon 01/08/2023 – Come to the River

Matthew 3:13-17

           Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan, to be baptized by him. John would have prevented him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” But Jesus answered him, “Let it be so now, for it is proper for us in this way to fulfill all righteousness.” Then he consented. And when Jesus had been baptized, just as he came up from the water, suddenly the heavens were opened to him and he saw God’s Spirit descending like a dove and alighting on him. And a voice from the heavens said, “This is my Son, the Beloved, with whom I am well pleased.”

Sermon Text

            Jesus was baptized… I’m gonna say it again in case it is not hitting your ears as strange. Jesus was baptized! The perfect son of God, the only sinless human in all of humanity, that God-man was washed with a bath that is described by its administrator as, “for repentance.” The waters of baptism, a sign of a transformation of self, was given to someone who had no need for transformation. You and I, we need to change our lives to abandon evil, to embrace life and not death. Yet, the person who modeled it for us was someone who had no purpose for it.

I say no purpose, but I doubt that God does anything without purpose. Think of your life, for all the moments that you are able to say, “God did that, no doubt!” and tell me if it felt random at all. I cannot think of anything in my life that matches both descriptions. I have had plenty of random things happen and I have had plenty of God things happen, and they have never crossed paths. The people who tell me about their problems with diabetes in the grocery store – that tends to be random. The people I meet in public and am able to give some kind of word that applies to their life in that moment – that is God at work.

Jesus, the incarnate word of God, therefore is not doing anything that is just a happenstance. Jesus would not go out of his way to drop into a muddy river in Israel unless it had a definite purpose. That purpose? Well, that is for us to discuss today. What comes to mind when I say Jesus was baptized, why do you think that he would have done that? Was it to wash himself of sin? What sin? Was it to meet God’s requirements of Jewish worshippers? Baptism develops later on and for converts rather than people born into the faith. What about as an example to us as believers? Now that is something we can talk about.

Jesus is not just someone we look at from a distance and think about. Jesus is supposed to be the person that we imitate in everything we do. Scary isn’t it? The things that Jesus did are the things that we should do. Think of anything you have done in the past week and ask, “Would Jesus do that?” I have not seen y’all since Christmas, so we’ll include New Years in that equation. I ain’t gonna shame anyone for having a good time, God has given, “wine to make the heart glad,” but still we can probably think to something from the holidays and say, “Yeah, that ain’t Jesus-like.”[1]

The example that Jesus gives is an example in and of everything. That includes the start of our life. Christ goes into his ministry only after receiving baptism, and we too can only begin to do the work of God after we are washed in the water of rejuvenation that is baptism. There is nothing magical about water, but there is the work of the Spirit giving us some kind of grace. We are shown that the water takes away the life that was, and we are given the chance to live into the life that is. There are many vows taken in baptism, the United Methodist Church liturgy asks the believer if they affirm the Apostle’s Creed, but also:

“Do you renounce the spiritual forces of wickedness, reject the evil powers of this world, and repent of your sin? Do you accept the freedom and power God gives you to resist evil, injustice, and oppression in whatever forms they present themselves? Do you confess Jesus Christ as your Savior, put your whole trust in his grace, and promise to serve him as your Lord, in union with the Church which Christ has opened to people of all ages, nations, and races?” Those are heave promises to make.”[2]


[1] Psalm 104:15

[2] United Methodist Publishing House. “The Baptismal Covenant I” The United Methodist Hymnal.